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Snimak šume Avala iz vazduha. Jesenji aspekt, snimljeno 2019.

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Monument to the Unknown Hero

Monument to the Unknown Hero - Mountain Avala

The highest peak of Avala is at 506 meters above sea level.

How did this monument come about and what was there before it?

With its elevated position of the Belgrade, Avala has always been a good lookout and observation point for both the conquerors and the defenders of the city.

Among the first inhabitants of Avala are the Celts who came here as miners. They were succeeded by the Roman conquerors who built a...

Monument to the Unknown HeroMonument to the Unknown HeroMonument to the Unknown HeroMonument to the Unknown HeroMonument to the Unknown Hero
Avala TV Tower

The characteristic shape of Avala has long been complemented by the silhouette of the Avala Tower.

This slender tripod was designed by architects Uglješa Bogunović and Slobodan Janjić, and the metal construction calculation was done by engineer Milan Krstić. The "Rad" construction company built it for four years and completed in 1965, the same year when the monument to Soviet war veterans was erected. With an antenna pole, it was about 203 meters high and weighed 4,000 tons. About 120...

Avala TV TowerAvala TV Tower
Wooden Church

Wooden Church
Trim Track

Trim TrackTrim TrackTrim Track
Wooden canopy

НадстреницаНадстреницаНадстреницаНадстреница
Sakinac

Sakinac one of the four springs on Avala.

There are three more springs on Avala: Ledinac - popularly known as Ladne vode, Vranovac and Kamenac.

Incidentally, the raw spring water is not for drink from a few years ago. The reason is high- chromium-content above the allowed level. Twice a month, throughout the year water quality testing is performed by the City Secretariat for Public Health of Belgrade. In principle, occasional intake of the water is not harmful, but its long-...

SakinacSakinac
Bird Habitats

There is a great diversity of ornitho fauna. Of the 67 bird species that are regularly seen on Avala, 21 species are protected by the Natural Rarities Regulation. The species of birds that occur are: hawk, wasp, sparrow hawk, mouse, kestrel, wood pigeon, cuckoo, woodpecker, forest owl, golden crow, medium-colored woodpecker, ...

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Sports Fields

Mountain lodge "Čarapićev Brest" was built in 1950 under the initiative and leadership of Dr. Petar Kostić, professor of medical school, the founder and first president of Mountaineering-skiing society "Avala" in Belgrade, and according to the project of the architect Slobodan Mihajlović. First time lodge was opened to visitors in 1954. The entire complex with mountaineering-sports-recreational and tourist character, is suitable for multi-day stays, while practicing many sports and trips to...

Sports Fields
Outdoor Classroom

Outdoor ClassroomOutdoor ClassroomOutdoor ClassroomOutdoor Classroom
Sale of Souvenirs

Sale of Souvenirs
Hotel Avala

Hotel AvalaHotel AvalaHotel AvalaHotel Avala
Urban Forests of the Danube Region

Урбане шуме Дунавске регије
„URBFORDAN“ - MANAGEMENT AND UTILIZATION OF URBAN FORESTS AS NATURAL HERITAGE IN DANUBE CITIES

Belgrade City Administration, through its Secretariat for Environmental Protection organized in Kalemegdan in the pavilion near the "Borba" fountain, a presentation of two European projects: "URBforDAN" and "Terifika", as a part of celebration the World Environment Day on 5th June.

On this occasion, PhD Mihailo Ratknić, forestry expert, presented Strategic and Operational Plan for expansion the protected area to the forest "Šuplja Stena" which belongs to MU "Avala" due the Avala has...

„URBFORDAN“ - MANAGEMENT AND UTILIZATION OF URBAN FORESTS AS NATURAL HERITAGE IN DANUBE CITIES

Belgrade City Administration, through its Secretariat for Environmental Protection organized in Kalemegdan in the pavilion near the "Borba" fountain, a presentation of two European projects: "URBforDAN" and "Terifika", as a part of celebration the World Environment Day on 5th June.

On this occasion, PhD Mihailo Ratknić, forestry expert, presented Strategic and Operational Plan for expansion the protected area to the forest "Šuplja Stena" which belongs to MU "Avala" due the Avala has...

Info Board

About Avala

The mountain Avala, owes its name to the Turkish name for former medieval fortress on its top originally called Havala, and later Žrnov. Unfortunately, it was demolished in order to build today's Monument to the Unknown Hero.

The Avala spreads on the area of about 500 ha.

It is covered by coppice, you could say natural, deciduous forests and coniferous trees, and in addition to natural values, numerous monuments of cultural and...

Инфо таблаИнфо таблаИнфо табла
Monument to the Soviet War Veterans

A year before the completion of the construction work on the Avala Tower, in 1964, a Russian military delegation that was flying to Belgrade to attend the celebration of the twentieth anniversary of the Liberation of Belgrade were killed in an airplane crash on the slopes of Avala.

Among the victims were Marshal Biryuzov and General Zhdanov, as well as other high-ranking Russian officers and the crew members.

In 1965, in memory of plane crash victims the monument was erected...

Monument to the Soviet War Veterans
Braille Nature Trail

Braille Nature Trail
Bench

Drinking Fountain

Drinking FountainDrinking FountainDrinking FountainDrinking Fountain
Animal Habitats

The most common species in Avala, protected by closing season of hunting are: roe deer, rabbit, badger, squirrel, gray wagtail, goldfinch, white marten, partridge, wood pigeon, quail, forest snipe.

Permanently protected species of wild game are: fox, buzzard, western marsh harrier, black kite, owl, cuckoo, hoopoe and others. The following game species are managed: roe deer, rabbit, pheasant and partridge.

The wild boar is present here in small numbers and is considered a...

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Restaurant “Mirovića Dom“

Restaurant “Mirovića Dom“Restaurant “Mirovića Dom“Restaurant “Mirovića Dom“Restaurant “Mirovića Dom“
Аvala Tower

Avala Tower ENG

 

The Avala Tower is a masterpiece of Serbian architecture. It was one of the 10 tallest towers in the world at the time it was built, and it is still one of the most beautiful ones. It was constructed in the period 1961 – 1964, according to the architectural design of architects Uglješa Bogunović and Slobodan Janjic, and structural design of engineer Milan Krstić. It is unique in that it was not dug into the ground, but mounted on three legs, symbolizing the...

Parking

ParkingParkingParkingParking
Monument to the Fallen Fighters of Pinosava

Monument to the Fallen Fighters of Pinosava
Mountain bike trail

Mountain bike trailMountain bike trailMountain bike trail
Table with Benches

Сто са клупама
Biodisk

Plant Habitats

There are several plant species living on the mountain Avala that are protected by the law as natural rarities: common laburnum, golden rain, darnel, a large number of medicinal plants and species under the control of use and trade: early purple orchid, snowdrop, cat grass,  butcher's-broom, belladonna, oregano,  male fern, wild sweet william, perforate St John's-wort, marshmallow, wild strawberry, elder, lungwort, common foxglove, henbanes, breckland thyme, teucrium, elecampane, european...

Plant HabitatsPlant HabitatsPlant HabitatsPlant HabitatsPlant HabitatsPlant HabitatsPlant HabitatsPlant HabitatsPlant HabitatsPlant Habitats
Current events

The winners of art competition „The best idea for Avala“ awarded by the mayor of Belgrade

 

Saturday, the 27. of march 2021.

The mayor of Belgrade, prof. dr Zoran Radoicic, awarded today the winners or art competition „The best idea for Avala“ within the International Programme URBforDAN.

The art competition „The best idea of Avala“ was published by...

News

As part of the URBforDAN project, new info-educational boards have been set up at Avala mountain

Forest Unite

The Republic of Serbia is the owner of forests and forest lands on mountain Avala and the State Enterprise “Srbijašume“ entrusted with the management respecting the principles of sustainability and sustainable management, while preserving and improving all common functions.

Specifically, the Forest Unite Avala is in charge of the Avala management unit.

Forest UniteForest UniteForest Unite
Monument to Vaso Čarapić

Near the Mountain lodge "Čarapićev Brest", there are two monuments dedicated to Karađorđe's military commander, Vasa Čarapić, the Dragon from Avala, the prince of Grocka. The older monument is made of wood, with motifs from the First Serbian Uprising sculptured by Bogosav Živković. It was built by the Forest Unite "Belgrade". On the place of this monument, twenty years ago there used to be the last of six elms under which the duke Vasa Čarapić gathered people and invited them to revolt...

Monument to Vaso Čarapić
Insect Habitats

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Forest Protection Category

Viewpoint

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Mining

Toilet

Public toilet sits at the base of the mountain.

Public toilet sits at the base of the mountain.
Plant Nursery

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